Summary The Irish High Court has made a preliminary reference to the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”), asking whether standard data protection clauses (“standard clauses”) are compatible with the legal rights of data subjects under EU law. Standard clauses are currently used as an appropriate safeguard to facilitate the transfer of personal data outside of the European Economic Area (the “EEA”). The reference to the CJEU comes despite previous decisions from the European Commission (the “Commission”) that have approved their use. It is worth noting that the reference does not invalidate the use of standard clauses for the moment. However, a judgment from the CJEU that does so would have implications for billions of euros worth of trade between the EU and the rest of the world. If the CJEU decides to render the use of standard clauses invalid, this would leave extremely limited scope for compliant data transfers … Continue Reading ››
The ICO on the 4th of July 2017 took a step forward with regards to privacy protection for the UK public from overseas data protection threats and risks, by publishing its first ever International Strategy document. This document supports the earlier ICO 'Information Rights Strategic Plan 2017 - 2021' document and is set to help the ICO meet overseas data protection challenges in a globalised world, including those in relation to key areas such as the GDPR and Brexit. The document sets out what the ICO sees as its main international concerns over the next four years, which are:
- Operating as an effective and influential data protection authority at European level while the UK remains a member of the EU and when the UK has left the EU, or during any transitional period.
- Maximising the ICO’s relevance and delivery against its objectives in an increasingly globalised world with rapid growth of online technologies.
- Ensuring that UK … Continue Reading ››
In order to support the application of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers is establishing a new expert group to be comprised of various stakeholders including academics, legal practitioners and organisations. The 27-member group will support the early preparation of possible implementing and/or delegated acts, and provide stakeholders with an opportunity to share their experiences in applying the GDPR. As Datonomy readers will already be familiar, there are a number of issues in the GDPR where there is scope for the detailed application to be fleshed out by means of these Commission-made measures. Organisations may well want to take the opportunity to influence this detail. Specifically, this year the Commission intends to launch studies on certification mechanisms and standardised icons in order to assess whether there would be added value in adopting delegated and/or implementing acts in these areas. The Commission would therefore … Continue Reading ››
Since its hotly awaited publication in January, the Proposal for an ePrivacy Regulation ("Proposal") has come under scrutiny from various stakeholders. Recently both the Article 29 Working Party ("WP29"), and the European Data Protection Supervisor ("EDPS"), have joined the chorus. Though both independent bodies are pleased with the concepts in the legislation, both express various concerns, with WP29 describing theirs as particularly 'grave'. Those (grave) concerns, alongside some recommendations are explored in detail below. EDPS: concerns over consent, tracking and cookies. As expected in his Opinion the EDPS welcomes various parts of the Proposal, including the legislators' choice for a regulation rather than a directive, and the extension of scope to over-the-top (“OTT”) communications services such as Skype and WhatsApp. The Commission's ambition to bring all publically accessible networks and services within the scope of the confidentiality requirements is also praised. However, though the EDPS … Continue Reading ››
The Article 29 Working Party ("WP29") has recently adopted new General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") Guidance, this time focusing on Data Protection Impact Assessments ("DPIAs"). The Guidelines aim to clarify when a DPIA is required and provide criteria for the lists of the kind of processing operations which are subject to the requirement for a DPIA, to be adopted by Data Protection Authorities under Article 35(4) of the GDPR. Although the guidance has been formally “adopted”, the WP29 is welcoming comments from stakeholders until 23 May 2017, so it is possible that elements may be modified in the near future. The guidance is significant as it represents EU data protection authorities’ collective interpretation of this important new compliance requirement. Any comments on the guidelines can be sent to the following addresses: JUST-ARTICLE29WP-SEC@ec.europa.eu and firstname.lastname@example.org by 23 May 2017. What is a Data Protection Impact Assessment? DPIAs are not a formal requirement … Continue Reading ››
Impact of Brexit on data protection: EU Home Affairs Sub-Committee hears evidence The EU Home Affairs Sub-Committee continues to hear evidence from various experts on the implications of Brexit on the "EU data protection package". Particularly notable are the comments of Elizabeth Denham, the UK's Information Commissioner, regarding her hopes for the UK post-Brexit. Unsurprisingly for Denham and perhaps reassuringly for business, "the right way forward… is to fully adopt the general data protection regulation". However should the UK do so, questions persist as to the ICO's role, particularly in relation to its standing with the European Data Protection Board (EDPB). Denham was keen to emphasise that the Government should do anything it can to ensure the ICO has "some status" on the EDPB. Should it not, the UK will be at the mercy of the Board's decisions, but be without influence over its policy. Lord O'Neil of Clackmannan, a Labour peer, was … Continue Reading ››
This week, the ICO published the latest version of its paper on big data, AI and machine learning. Though not an official GDPR guidance document or code of practice, the paper sets out the ICO's views on the issues and has been updated to show how big data, AI, machine learning relate to the GDPR (however not the new draft PEC Regulation). Of note to Datonomy readers are the six key recommendations the Paper gives to help organisations achieve data protection compliance in a "big data world". The ICO states that organisations should…
- Carefully consider whether the big data analytics to be undertaken actually requires the processing of personal data. Often, this will not be the case; in such circumstances organisations should use appropriate techniques to anonymise the personal data in their dataset(s) before analysis.
- Be transparent about their processing of personal data by using a combination of innovative approaches in order … Continue Reading ››